digiKam – Facebook export

I use digiKam as my primary photo manager, it’s a great professional tool for those work with media. Maybe you are one of these and you didn’t even noticed, look at your mobile phone probably you have hundreds (maybe even thousands) of pictures on it. If you sum the ones you take with your camera it will be even more, so after a few years some of us may have more than 100.000 pictures.

digiKam5.0.0-beta3-Lut3Dtool

This is why you need a photo manager and I would strongly recommend digiKam. I’ve been using it for years and I love it.

One part of taking pictures is be able to share them, digiKam supports exports to several social media web sites; Facebook, Igmur, Twitter, Flickr, etc.

Nevertheless the integration with Facebook is not working properly, and I doubt that the digiKam developers can do something here as it looks more of a Facebook issue. I’ve came out with a workaround that may help go around this issue if want to use the Facebook export function. Just follow these easy steps (I’ve done this with digiKam v5, but it will also work on v4):

  1. With your default browser log in to Facebook.
  2. Open digiKam from a console, just type digiKam on the command line.
  3. Inside digiKam go to menu export, choose export to Facebook.
  4. On the export dialog press change account.
  5. You’ll see that in the browser it just states success, nevertheless you don’t see the authentication link that you need to use to paste into the plugin dialogue.
  6. On the console where you started digiKam you have some of the debugging info of what is happening
    1. digiKam uses OAuth to authenticate with Facebook so look for a line like:
      • OAuth URL: QUrl(“https://www.facebook.com/dialog/oauth?xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  7. Copy the content of that line starting on “https://…token” (without the quotes)
  8. Enable debug mode on your browser (I use Firefox CTRL+SHIFT+C or F12)
  9. On the debug window select network and persistent, see selected options on image bellow:Spectacle.V19137
  10. Paste the URL that you got on this list step 7 on the browser
  11. On the debug window you should be able to see an entry like the one bellow, with a right click choose copy locationSpectacle.V19190
  12. Go to the digiKam Facebook export plugin window and just paste.
  13. YOU’RE DONE

Now you can share all those pictures to world ūüôā

Just select the pictures you want, use the export plugin, choose your Facebook album (or create a new one within digiKam), choose to resize (or not the images). If you create a new album be careful with the the permissions you wish for the album, on the Add Album option you’ll be able to select who do you wish to share your pictures. By default all your friends will be able too see it, but this may not be right for all the albums so just choose careful your options, usually I choose only me and then on Facebook page I add who I want to share it with.

More about digiKam

  • A professional digital photo management application for KDE (it will work on Linux, Windows and MacOS), which makes importing and organizing digital photos a “snap”. The photos are organized in albums which can be sorted chronologically, by folder layout or by custom collections
  • Powerful, fast and automated tagging
  • An easy-to-use interface is provided that enables you to connect your camera directly and preview, download and/or delete your images
  • A Light Table function is provided. This tool assists artists and photographers with reviewing their work ensuring the highest quality only
  • Common filters are available out of the box, with side by side previews
  • Extensible by the use of plugins and recipes

Hope you enjoy this tool as much as I do.

Have fun,

Pedro Oliveira

 

OpenVPN username/password authentication on DD-WRT

In this post I’ll be using DD-WRT build 23320 and an ASUS RT-AC66U router to set up two “always on” VPNs (using openvpn) using username / password authentication. This router supports all the new wifi protocols and in theory has over 1Gbps ability using dual band, also supports 2.4GHz and 5.0Ghz band communication. I’ve used it with DD-WRT without any stability issues for more than 6 months now.

DD-WRT is one of my favourite linux distros, it’s specially made to work on home routers, APs and small appliances. You may download it from: http://www.dd-wrt.com and make sure your equipment is supported by looking into the router database.

Apart from the regular home router needs DD-WRT also support a complete set of network functionality like:

  • FreeRadius
  • PPPoE Serverdd-wrt
  • VPN
  • USB (printing/mass storage)
  • NAS
  • Hotspot
  • SIP Proxy
  • Adblocking
  • Webserver
  • QOS

As I said, I’ll be talking about enhancing the standard functionality of openvpn in dd-wrt. OpenVPN is available on most of the¬†DD-WRT appliances, nevertheless you can only have one vpn connected and it doesn’t support username/password authentication.

Let me describe the setup:asus

  1. Home at country A (localnet 192.168.17.0/27)
  2. Home at country B (localnet 192.168.18.0/27)
  3. External third-party net at country C (localnet 172.17.31.0/23)
  4. In order to see IPTV on country A I need to route all the IPTV network through openvpn server at country B
  5. I want to have full network access to networks on country B and C from country A
  6. I want to have full network access from country B to country A
  7. I don’t want access from country C on country A (or B but it’s not relevant for us)

What’s needed:

  1. DD-WRT enabled router (in this case ASUS RT-AC66U) with support for openvpn (mega version).
  2. OpenVPN endpoint* (in this examples we will be using 2 endpoints, one for country B and another to country C).
  3. User access to those endpoint (username/password/certificates).openvpn

* as an endpoint you may use anykind of applyance or custom-made openvpn solution, if you want to build it fast I’d recommend you Endian FW, Pfsense, or your own OpenVPN installation.

DD-WRT has a very nice graphical interface and we will use it to build our setup, before I configured the router thought the command line, storing all the config data in nvram with the commands:

nvram set _VAR1_=”config blabla”

nvram commit

and the created a startup script that would read all those variables and create the config files.

But as I said there’s a better way of doing it and that’s by using the startup option on the command menu that can be found under administration.

dd-wrt-header

We will create a unique script that will be read when the DD-WRT comes to live and startup our VPNs.

Just go to press edit under the startup place older.

You may insert the text bellow, I’ll describe what it does further on the post.

mkdir /tmp/openvpncl
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/myauth1.txt << EOF
MY_USER_NAME_GOES_HERE
MY_PASSWORD_GOES_HERE
EOF
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/myauth2.txt << EOF
MY_USER_NAME_GOES_HERE
MY_PASSWORD_GOES_HERE
EOF
chmod 500 /tmp/openvpncl/myauth1.txt
chmod 500 /tmp/openvpncl/myauth2.txt
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/route-up_1.sh << EOF
#!/bin/sh
route add -net 23.13.0.0/16 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #IPTV ROUTES
route add -net 80.24.178.0/23 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #IPTV ROUTES
route add -net 10.2.2.0/24 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #IPTV ROUTES
route add -net 10.22.0.0/16 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #IPTV ROUTES
EOF
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/route-up_2.sh << EOF
#!/bin/sh
route add -net 16.13.0.0/16 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #EXT NET ROUTES
route add -net 12.24.178.0/23 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #EXT NET ROUTES
route add -net 13.2.2.0/24 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #EXT NET ROUTES
route add -net 10.232.0.0/16 gw xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #EXT NET ROUTES
EOF
chmod 500 /tmp/openvpncl/route-up_1.sh
chmod 500 /tmp/openvpncl/route-up_2.sh
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_1.conf << EOF
client
proto udp
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
ca /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_1.ca
auth-user-pass /tmp/openvpncl/myauth1.txt
script-security 2
dev tap1
cipher bf-cbc
auth sha1
remote CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_1 1194
comp-lzo no
tls-client
tun-mtu 1500
mtu-disc yes
fast-io
EOF
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_2.conf << EOF
client
proto udp
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
ca /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_2.ca
auth-user-pass /tmp/openvpncl/myauth2.txt
script-security 2
dev tap2
cipher bf-cbc
auth sha1
remote CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_2 1194
comp-lzo no
tls-client
tun-mtu 1500
mtu-disc yes
fast-io
EOF
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_1.ca << EOF
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
YOUR_CERTIFICATE_GOES_HERE__dasdadasdasdsasalzELMAkGA1UE
BhMCUFQx CzAJBgNVBAgTAkxYMQswCQYDVQQHEwJMWDEbMBkGA1UEChM
Sd3d3LmxpbnV4LWdl ZXguY29tMQswCQYDVQQLEwJJVDEeMBwGA1UEAx
MVd3d3LmxpbnV4LWdlZXguY29t IENBMSQwIgYJKoZIhvcNAQkBFhVwb
XNvbGl2ZWlyYUBnbWFpbC5jb20wHhcNMTAw MTE0MTk0NzE0WhcNMjUx
MTI1MTAyMTU0WjCBlzELMAkGA1UEBhMCUFQxCzAJBgNV BAgTAkxYMQs
wCQYDVQQHEwJMWDEbMBkGA1UEChMSd3d3LmxpbnV4LWdlZXguY29t MQ
swCQYDVQlfhoashoadasiodasiodqwenzczcpzocp4LWdlZXguY29tIE
NBMSQw IgYJKoZIhvcNAQkBFhVwbXNvbGl2zdsadsasdadsZWlyYUBnb
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
EOF
cat > /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_2.ca << EOF
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
YOUR_CERTIFICATE_GOES_HERE__dasdadasdasdsasalzELMAkGA1UE
BhMCUFQx CzAJBgNVBAgTAkxYMQswCQYDVQQHEwJMWDEbMBkGA1UEChM
Sd3d3LmxpbnV4LWdl ZXguY29tMQswCQYDVQQLEwJJVDEeMBwGA1UEAx
MVd3d3LmxpbnV4LWdlZXguY29t IENBMSQwIgYJKoZIhvcNAQkBFhVwb
XNvbGl2ZWlyYUBnbWFpbC5jb20wHhcNMTAw MTE0MTk0NzE0WhcNMjUx
MTI1MTAyMTU0WjCBlzELMAkGA1UEBhMCUFQxCzAJBgNV BAgTAkxYMQs
wCQYDVQQHEwJMWDEbMBkGA1UEChMSd3d3LmxpbnV4LWdlZXguY29t MQ
swCQYDVQlfhoashoadasiodasiodqwenzczcpzocp4LWdlZXguY29tIE
NBMSQw IgYJKoZIhvcNAQkBFhVwbXNvbGl2zdsadsasdadsZWlyYUBnb
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
EOF
chmod 700 /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_1.ca
chmod 700 /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_2.ca
sleep 5

(nohup openvpn –config /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_1.conf –route-up /tmp/openvpncl/route-up1.sh &) > /dev/null
(nohup openvpn –config /tmp/openvpncl/CHANGE_TO_HOSTNAME_or_IP_2.conf –route-up /tmp/openvpncl/route-up2.sh &) > /dev/null

If you know openvpn a bit deeper you may find odd that I’m not using LZO compression, this is done on purpose, LZO will limit the bandwidth available on the router because of cpu usage. In my case most of the traffic is already compressed (ssh, mp4, images, and so on). With LZO I would find my cpu near 100% with traffic around 25Mbps. So I prefer to disable it and compress the traffic between the endpoints at application level. This allows me to have 100Mbps+ throughput on the VPN link with this router + DD-WRT config.

You will have to edit the firewall place older on DD-WRT , once again press edit and insert the following:

iptables -I FORWARD 1 -i br0 -o tap1 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD 2 -i tap1 -o br0 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD 3 -i br0 -0 tap2 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I INPUT 1 -i tap1 -o br0 -j ACCEPT

The startup script is nothing more than a set of commands that will be run to create the configuration files on DD-WRT , please be advised that you will have the VPNs in plain text on the configuration, this may pose a security risk. Nevertheless it’s not less insecure than have the full configuration relaying on certificates as if someone is able to retrieve your data from¬† DD-WRT he will also be able to retrieve the certificates. If you really don’t want to have the password on plain text you won’t be able to fully automate the VPN startup process.

The iptables rules are need in order to allow access to the different networks, this is the most basic set of rules that will allow the configuration I proposed at the beginning.¬†Finally please don’t forget to change the route-upX.sh scripts to match your needs.

Happy networking with DD-WRT!

Pedro Oliveira

 

Google Galaxy Nexus security flaw using face unlock

Hello everyone,

Today I was playing MW3 on my Playstation3 and I thought it would be nice to have the online players face somewhat showing on the screen, I was imagining how this could be done so I look for inspiration on my newest gadget the GALAXY NEXUS which just arrived a few days ago.

One of the functionalities I like the most is the face recognition feature and I use it from day one.

But first let me tell you what i think about the Galaxy Nexus, I’m so thrilled with it that i don’t see any negative spots yet, the one i can remember it’s also a positive thing and is it’s size.

Apart from that the screen is simply astonishing and the speed and easy to use make this phone a rock star, I know this isn’t an objective review on the mobile phone but this post is not intended to be a review.

On the other end there is a functionality that is also a very big security flaw – FACE UNLOCK.

Google warns you about face recognition not being the safest of methods to unlock your phone, but nevertheless you can pass the locking feature just by using any other photo of you.

I used my facebook.com photos to unlock the phone and I had about 80% success with a couple of face photos, nevertheless I didn’t succeed with the profile photo (maybe the resolution was too low, on the smaller picture). This trick took me less than a minute to accomplish.

It’s not an high tech hack, and it probably works if your phone is stolen or lost, but it won’t save you from your jealous girlfriend (or boyfriend), won’t save you from your dads or sons. In the end it’s way too easy for someone familiar with you to access your personal data if you use face unlock.

Maybe this could be fixed using the phone proximity sensor that could be used to determine the distance of the phone to the face (i was only successful using the phone about 10-15cm from the monitor), also recording the phone relative inclination with the face and finally by detecting any type of movement on the moment the face is being verified.

Despite one of the biggest innovations being a big “no go” at least in my opinion, I still love my Nexus.

That’s all folks,

Pedro Oliveira

Qualcomm, Inc. Sony Gobi 2000 Wireless Modem – OpenSuSE 12.1 – Vaio VPCSB

sony-vaio-vpcsb16fg-2

Hello,

Recently I’ve updated my openSuSE 11.4 to the latest openSuSE 12.1, it was a hassle free upgrade and my system is running smoothly, nevertheless I didn’t use one of my favorite features on this laptop, the built-in GSM card.
Today I needed it and, bummer,¬† it didn’t work, even if I could see it in network manager, I remembered I didn’t install the firmware (this card needs a firmware to be inserted every time the device boots). So I put the files in /lib/firmware/gobi and run gobi_loader it ran just perfect.
Next i reboot the laptop, but it didn’t load the firmware automatically, I’ve checked udev and the entry was missing.

So in order to use the Qualcomm, Inc. Sony Gobi 2000 Wireless Modem with the Vaio VPCSB you’ll need:

Install gobi_loader

sudo zypper in gobi_loader

Copy the firmware files to /lib/firmware/gobi (you can find these files on the net (i won’t put them here because of license issues) the names;

amss.mbn apps.mbn UQCN.mbn

With the latest gobi_loader from SuSE it’s all. But it still doesn’t work do the following:

Create a new udev rule file (with joe, vi, kwrite, gedit, etc), just don’t forget you must be root or use sudo:

vi /etc/udev/rules.d/61-gobi.rules

Content:

# udev rules for firmware loading on qualcomm gobi devices

ACTION==”add”, SUBSYSTEM==”tty” KERNEL==”ttyUSB*” GOTO=”gobi_rules”

GOTO=”gobi_rules_end”

LABEL=”gobi_rules”
ATTRS{idVendor}==”05c6″, ATTRS{idProduct}==”9225″, RUN+=”gobi_loader -2000 $env{DEVNAME} /lib/firmware/gobi”
LABEL=”gobi_rules_end”

Cheers,
Pedro Oliveira